The Condition of Immovable Cultural Heritage outside the Urban Context in Vojvodina: the Case Study of the Spitzer Villa in Beočin
A separate part of the cultural heritage of Vojvodina is represented by around fifty castles, villas and summerhouses located far from the urban environment, mostly constructed in the 18th and 19th, as well as at the beginning of the 20th century in the Hungarian part of the Habsburg Monarchy. This paper explores and draws attention to the present condition of the majority of these buildings, and specifically to the case of the Spitzer Villa in Beočin (Belcsény). The Spitzer Villa represents a unique building, designed in the style of historicism, and is also one of the earliest buildings containing Secessionist style decorative elements in Vojvodina It is also a pioneering example of the use of concrete as the main construction material. The research was undertaken in the field, within the competent institutions, as well as through examination of the available literature and scientific papers. Special attention was dedicated to the potentially different treatment of this corpus of architectural heritage, with particular emphasis on the contemporary research in the field.