Hidden Modernism: Architecture Theory of the Socialist Realist Gap

  • Borbála Jász Department of Philosophy and History of Science, Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1521 Budapest, P.O.B. 91, Hungary


The aim of this paper is to clarify and exemplify the difference between modern, socialist realism and late modern in architecture. In the general pre-theoretical use of these terms, this distinction is often blurred; a unified expression, socialist realism, is used for all the aforementioned terms. This paper will examine a possible answer for this phenomenon by using examples from different areas of eastern-Central Europe, especially from Hungarian architecture.
The paper first focuses on the façadism of socialist realism in the architecture of eastern-Central Europe. Following this, it shows that the architectural tendencies of classical modernism did not disappear in this period; they were just not explicitly manifest in case of public buildings for example. Finally, the paper argues that after this socialist realist gap, architectural theory and planning tendencies of the interwar period returned and continued, especially the work of Le Corbusier.

Keywords: Socialist Realism, façadism, Le Corbusier, interwar period
Published online
How to Cite
Jász, B. (2018) “Hidden Modernism: Architecture Theory of the Socialist Realist Gap”, Periodica Polytechnica Architecture, 49(1), pp. 92-97. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPar.12168.