Socialist Content in National Form: A Guiding Principle of the "Communist Project" in Romanian Architecture

  • Horia Mihai-Coman

    Doctoral School, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, 400000 Cluj-Napoca, Observatorului Street 34-36, Romania


The article follows the theme of "socialist content in national form" in Romanian architecture during a period stretching from approximately 1944 to 1989 – a time interval that is usually associated with the specific political agenda that dominated society in a decisive and profound way throughout the era, which is usually indicated as "communism". This time interval can also be indicated by using other keywords and concepts, such as "socialism", "state socialism", "totalitarianism" or others, sometimes in association with the keyword "communism". For reasons that will be presented in the introduction, the title of the article will prefer the use of the term "the communist project" for indicating the chronological focus of the article; the word "project" also holds a conceptual meaning – therefore being considered appropriate in the context of a mostly conceptual discussion that the article focusses on – as it tries to examine one of the most powerful and influential key concepts of the era: "socialist content in national form".

Keywords: aesthetics, style, socialist realism, socialist modernism, national specificity, traditionalism
Published online
How to Cite
Mihai-Coman, H. (2020) “Socialist Content in National Form: A Guiding Principle of the "Communist Project" in Romanian Architecture”, Periodica Polytechnica Architecture, 51(1), pp. 92-99.