Urban Morphology: The Classical and Modern Research Methodologies


  • Ágnes Bertyák

    Department of Urban Planning and Design, Faculty of Architecture, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1111 Budapest, Műegyetem rakpart 3, Hungary



This article aims to explore the Hungarian and foreign urban morphological studies as a basis for possible new investigation methods that can follow or innovate the existing methodologies. For this reason, the exploration of the currently known models is essential. The "classical" morphological studies dealt with the structural shapes, historical elements, and changes of the settlements, based mainly on empirical and manual research. In the 1980s, new "modern" research methods emerged with the help of computer software, statistical data and Geographical Information Systems, representing a quantitative approach. Today inter- and multidisciplinary morphological studies are also widespread, combining several areas like ecology, sociology or sustainability with urban studies providing new research directions.


classical or traditional urban morphology, modern or contemporary urban morphology, systematisation, development

Published Online


How to Cite

Bertyák, Ágnes (2021) “Urban Morphology: The Classical and Modern Research Methodologies”, Periodica Polytechnica Architecture, 52(2), pp. 135–145. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPar.17988