Bio-based 3-hydroxypropionic Acid: A Review
3-hydroxypropionic acid is a commercially valuable, important platform chemical. It can serve as a precursor for several key compound, such as acrylic acid, 1,3-propanediol, methyl acrylate, acrylamide, ethyl 3-HP, malonic acid, propiolactone and acrylonitrile. Several microorganisms can produce through a range of metabolic pathways. It is indispensable for the commercial production of 3-HP to use cheap and abundant substrates and also to produce in highly efficient processes which could result high yield, titer and productivity. Because of the fact, that natural microorganism do not perform these conditions, metabolic engineering and genetically engineered microorganism are widely used for research and production as well. Several metabolic pathways are introduced to utilize glucose or glycerol for 3-HP production. In this overview naturally producer microorganisms, synthetic biochemical pathways, results from the recent years and recovery of 3-HP are detailed.