Investigation of Differences in the Cultivation of Nannochloropsis and Chlorella species by Fourier-transform Infrared Spectroscopy
The increasing use of energy in the world is leading to the exhaustion of fossil fuels, so novel alternative solutions have to be found to meet our needs. One solution is renewable raw materials extracted from algae. The use of microalgae is widespread, in addition to energy formation, their biomass can also be utilized as food and other valuable components of them, e.g. amino acids, vitamins and minerals can be used in drugs and cosmetics. Due to their boundless diversity and components, they have become the focus of an ever-increasing number of research areas. Different processes can induce changes in their nutritional content, so optimizing the conditions used during their cultivation is important to produce the desired product. In our study different isolates of microalgae, namely Nannochloropsis sp. and Chlorella vulgaris, were studied using Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic analysis. Variations in the spectra of a given species were studied under different cultivation conditions.