Mg and La Co-doped ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared by Sol–gel Method: Synthesis, Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity

  • Behnam Khanizadeh Department of Applied Chemistry, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran 1651153311, Iran
  • Morteza Khosravi Department of Applied Chemistry, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran 1651153311, Iran
  • Mohammad A. Behnajady Department of Chemistry, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz 5157944533, Iran
  • Ali Shamel Department of Chemistry, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil 5615731567, Iran
  • Behrouz Vahid Department of Chemical Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz 5157944533, Iran

Abstract

In this study, La and Mg doped, and co-doped ZnO nanoparticles were prepared using the sol-gel method. The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and N2 physisorption techniques. The XRD results indicated that the prepared nanoparticles can be well adopted by the hexagonal wurtzite structure crystal and there are no second impurity peaks. Studies of the FESEM, EDX and TEM have shown that the samples have uniform spherical-like morphology with a homogenous distribution. The incorporation of La and Mg into the ZnO lattice had no effect on the morphology of the nanoparticles, but a reduction in the size of the grains (≈ 14 nm to ≈ 7 nm) was observed due to the insertion of these ions. The results of N2 physisorption indicated that there was an increase in BET surface area and pore volume for doped and co-doped samples. The results of DRS showed an increase in band gap energy and a blue shift at the absorption edge for doped and co-doped samples. The photocatalytic activity of the prepared catalysts was evaluated in the removal of RhB under UVA irradiation. The results showed that Mg5%-La5%/ZnO had the highest photoactivity (91.18 %) among all samples.

Keywords: heterogeneous photocatalysis, co-doped ZnO, photocatalytic activity, Rhodamine B, sol-gel method
Published online
2019-04-23
How to Cite
Khanizadeh, B., Khosravi, M., Behnajady, M. A., Shamel, A. and Vahid, B. “Mg and La Co-doped ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared by Sol–gel Method: Synthesis, Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity”, Periodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering. doi: https://doi.org/10.3311/PPch.12959.
Section
Articles