In–Vitro Antibacterial and Antifungal Efficacy of Greenly Fabricated Senna alata Leaf Extract Silver Nanoparticles and Silver Nanoparticle-Cream Blend
Nanoparticles biosynthesis has been extensively studied for its biomedical applications. In this study, the in-vitro antibacterial and antifungal activity of greenly fabricated silver nanoparticles (NPs) from Senna alata leaf extract (SaAgNPs) and silver nanoparticle cream blend (SaAgNPs-cream blend) were investigated. The SaAgNPs were characterized using UV-visible spectrophotometry, FTIR, SEM, TGA, DLS, EDX, and XRD. The presence of surface plasmon band around 500 nm indicates AgNPs formation and functional groups such as alkenes, carboxylic acids, and alkyl aryl ether responsible for capping and stabilization of the nanoparticles. The SaAgNPs were spherical and 1.00 µm in size; TGA shows the formation of stable SaAgNPs, DLS shows 1.8 % intensity with 1905 nm average diameter and a polydispersity index of 0.595. EDX analysis confirmed the formation of pure silver nanoparticles. SaAgNPs supported the production of cosmetically acceptable SaAgNPs-cream blend with appropriate pH and viscosity. SaAgNPs and the SaAgNPs cream-blends had antibacterial activity against all and some of the test bacterial and fungal isolates. SaAgNPs had the highest activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa 27853, Rhizopus sp. and Candida tropicalis with a zone of 16 mm and 30 mm. The cream-blends had activity against 68.75 % and 75 % of the test bacteria and fungi with the highest activity against Streptococcus epidermidis B (7.0 mm) and Candida albicans B (8.0 mm). In conclusion, the crude Senna alata leaf extracts, the bio-fabrication SaAgNPs and SaAgNPs-cream blend have antibacterial antifungal potentials which can be effectively utilized for the control of pathogenic bacteria and fungi.