Study on Kinetics and Reaction Parameters of Biodiesel Production from Sunflower Oil and Methanol Using Zinc Oxide Supported Calcium Oxide

Authors

  • Oguzhan İlgen
    Affiliation

    Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Kocaeli University, 41380 Izmit-Kocaeli, Umuttepe Campus, Turkey

https://doi.org/10.3311/PPch.19198

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of reaction parameter, reaction kinetics and mechanism of transesterification of sunflower oil with methanol by using CaO/ZnO heterogeneous catalyst. The influence of reaction time, molar ratio and catalyst amount and reaction temperature on fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) yield was investigated. The catalysts were prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Hammett indicator method. The FAME contents were analyzed by gas chromatography using the EN 14103 standard method. The highest FAME yield of 82% was obtained at 9/1 methanol/oil molar ratio, 3 wt.% catalyst amount and 3 hours of reaction time at 65 °C of reaction temperature by using 20% CaO/ZnO catalyst. The reaction could be considered pseudo first order with respect to triglyceride (TG). The reaction model based on Eley-Rideal mechanism was proposed where adsorbed methanol reacted with TG before desorption of glycerin. The results showed that experimental reaction rates exhibited good agreement with calculated reaction rates.

Keywords:

biodiesel, heterogeneous catalyst, kinetics, mechanism, Eley-Rideal

Published Online

2022-02-15

How to Cite

İlgen, O. “Study on Kinetics and Reaction Parameters of Biodiesel Production from Sunflower Oil and Methanol Using Zinc Oxide Supported Calcium Oxide”, Periodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering, 66(2), pp. 261–268, 2022. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPch.19198

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Section

Articles