The Effect of TiO2 Nanoparticles on the Aquatic Ecosystem: A Comparative Ecotoxicity Study with Test Organisms of Different Trophic Levels

Authors

  • Ildikó Fekete-Kertész
    Affiliation

    Budapesti Műszaki és Gazdaságtudományi Egyetem

  • Gergő Maros
    Affiliation

    Budapest University of Technology and Economics

  • Katalin Gruiz
    Affiliation

    Budapest University of Technology and Economics

  • Mónika Molnár
    Affiliation

    Budapest University of Technology and Economics

https://doi.org/10.3311/PPch.8869

Abstract

A comprehensive ecotoxicological assessment was carried out with Degussa VP nano TiO2 suspension applying a bioluminescent bacterium (Aliivibrio fischeri), algae (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, Scenedesmus subspicatus and Chlorella vulgaris), a protozoon (Tetrahymena pyriformis), the water flea (Daphnia magna) and an aquatic macrophyte, Lemna minor. TiO2 nanoparticles were toxic in the set of the conducted tests, but the toxicity level varied with the organisms and endpoints. According to our results the concentrations, the duration and the mechanisms of exposure are contributing factors to the toxicity of nanoparticles. The Tetrahymena phagocytic activity, the Daphnia heartbeat rate and the Lemna total chlorophyll content as ecotoxicity endpoints showed outstanding sensitivity. These organisms showed significant behavioural and physiological changes when exposed to low TiO2nanoparticle concentrations (0.1 and 0.05 µg/L) considered to be lower than the predicted environmental concentration in surface waters. These results reveal the importance of behavioural and physiological assays in assessing the impact of nanoparticles and indicate that nanosized TiO2 may pose risks to the aquatic ecosystem.

Keywords:

titanium dioxide nanoparticles, ecotoxicity, aquatic ecosystem, sublethal endpoints

Published Online

2016-06-14

How to Cite

Fekete-Kertész, I., Maros, G., Gruiz, K., Molnár, M. “The Effect of TiO2 Nanoparticles on the Aquatic Ecosystem: A Comparative Ecotoxicity Study with Test Organisms of Different Trophic Levels”, Periodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering, 60(4), pp. 231–243, 2016. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPch.8869

Issue

Section

Articles