Reaction and Mass Transfer Kinetics Model of Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of Starch under Influence of Ultraviolet Irradiation

  • Andri Cahyo Kumoro Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University-Semarang, INDONESIA
  • Ratnawati Ratnawati Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University-Semarang, INDONESIA
  • Diah Susetyo Retnowati Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University-Semarang, INDONESIA

Abstract

The coupled hydrogen peroxide/ultraviolet irradiation (H2O2/UV) process as one of environmentally friendly advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) has been successfully applied in the oxidation of corn starch. The aim of this work was to develop a simplified model for the describing of reaction kinetics and mass transfer phenomena of starch oxidation using hydrogen peroxide under influence of UV irradiation. The model development involved the elementary chemical and photochemical reactions as well as pseudo-steady state mass transfer of hydroxyl radicals from bulk liquid to the surface of starch particles. Effects of initial H2O2 concentration and pH were investigated. The results show that H2O2/UV starch oxidation follows the first order reaction with respect to H2O2 and starch concentrations. The proposed model satisfactorily describes the H2O2/UV starch oxidation phenomena, where very good agreement with experimental data was obtained. Hydroxyl radical’s mass transfer from bulk liquid to the surface of starch particles was found to be the rate controlling step for coupled H2O2/UV starch oxidation.

Keywords

kinetics, mass transfer, modeling, starch, rate controlling step, photo-oxidation
Published
24-01-2017
How to Cite
KUMORO, Andri Cahyo; RATNAWATI, Ratnawati; RETNOWATI, Diah Susetyo. Reaction and Mass Transfer Kinetics Model of Hydrogen Peroxide Oxidation of Starch under Influence of Ultraviolet Irradiation. Periodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering, [S.l.], v. 61, n. 3, p. 236-245, jan. 2017. ISSN 1587-3765. Available at: <https://pp.bme.hu/ch/article/view/9354>. Date accessed: 26 sep. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3311/PPch.9354.
Section
Articles