Fracture Mechanism of Brazilian Discs with Multiple Parallel Notches Using PFC2D

  • Vahab Sarfarazi
  • Hadi Haeri
  • Mohammad Fatehi


This study presents crack initiation, propagation and coalescenceat or near pre-existing open cracks in a numericalmodel under Brazilian test. Firstly, Particle Flow Code intwo dimensions (PFC2d) was calibrated with respect to thedata obtained from experimental laboratory tests to ensurethe conformity of the simulated numerical models response.Brazilian discs contain one, two, three, four, and five parallelcentred cracks (45° to the horizontal) under compressiveline loading. Models containing two and three cracks havedifferent joint spacing and joint configuration. In model consistingone flaws, tensile cracks initiated from notch tip andpropagates in direction of compressive loading till coalescewith model edge. By increasing the number of notch, first typeof tensile crack initiated at the tips of outer flaws and coalescedwith model edge. Also second type of tensile cracksinitiates from middle of inner flaws and coalesce with tip ofthe neighbouring flaws. The results show that joint spacingand joint configuration has important effect on the failure patternin model consisting two and three notch. Experimentaland numerical results rendered by other researchers showed agood agreement with the numerical results in the coalescencecharacteristics in cracked model. In addition, crack initiationand coalescence stresses in models were analyzed and comparedwith those in the single-flawed model.


PFC2D, brazilian discs, multiple parallel cracks
How to Cite
SARFARAZI, Vahab; HAERI, Hadi; FATEHI, Mohammad. Fracture Mechanism of Brazilian Discs with Multiple Parallel Notches Using PFC2D. Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, [S.l.], feb. 2017. ISSN 1587-3773. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2017. doi:
Research Article