Durability Assessment of Clay-Bearing Soft Rocks By Using New Decay Index
Clay-bearing rocks are known as most important problematic weak rocks. Due to the importance of disintegration of clay-bearing rocks in engineering projects, several simple test methods have been proposed to assess durability of these rocks. In this study, a comprehensive research program was conducted on twenty different clay-bearing rocks to assess their disintegration characteristics under laboratory conditions. In order to carry out the research, at the first step some physical and mechanical properties of the studied rocks were measured. After that, three durability test methods were employed. These tests include the standard slake durability test to obtain index durability (Id2 ), slake durability test with sieving the remained materials in drum to obtain disintegration ratio (DR) and new time series slake durability test to obtain decay index (DI). The results of this research indicated that for most of samples, using the standardized slake durability index test (Id2 ) may not be adequate to understand the disintegration characteristics of clay-bearing rocks and shows overestimated values. The new decay index (DI) has overcome the most limitations of the standard slake durability test and clearly will realize deterioration potential of clay bearing rocks. Finally, based on the results of decay index a new durability classification was proposed.