Effects of Asphalt Binder Modifying with Polypropylene on Moisture Susceptibility of Asphalt Mixtures with Thermodynamically Concepts
In this study, the effect of using Polypropylene (PP) as an antistripping additive of asphalt mixtures is investigated. Here, the moisture susceptibility of asphalt mixtures is evaluated by determining the micro-mechanisms using the surface free energy (SFE) concept. The adhesion bond between the aggregate and asphalt binder and the cohesion strength of the asphalt binder are considered as the main factors that affect moisture damage of asphalt mixtures. Test results indicate that the use of PP improves the resistance of asphalt mixtures in both wet and dry conditions. Also, the results of the SFE tests showed that the modifying asphalt binder with PP increases free energy of adhesion that will improve adhesion resistance between asphalt binder-aggregates. The amount of debonding energy in the samples which are modified with PP is lower than the control samples. This shows that by modifying asphalt binders, the tendency of asphalt binder-aggregate stripping can be reduced. The results show the total SFE of the asphalt binders of the modified samples have more free energy rather than the control samples. This phenomenon shows that failure in the asphalt binder film and cohesion failure will be happened more rarely.