Neural Network Based Vibration Control of Seismically Excited Civil Structures

  • Bartlomiej Blachowski Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences
  • Nikos Pnevmatikos Technological Educational Institute of Athens

Abstract

This study proposes a neural network based vibration control system designed to attenuate structural vibrations induced by an earthquake. Classical feedback control algorithms are susceptible to parameter changes. For structures with uncertain parameters they can even cause instability problems. The proposed neural network based control system can identify the structural properties of the system and avoids the above mentioned problems. In the present study it is assumed that a full state of the structure is known, which means the at each floor horizontal displacements and rotations about the vertical axis are measured. Additionally, it is assumed the acceleration signal coming from the earthquake is also available. The proposed neural control strategy is compared with the classical linear quadratic regulator (LQR) not only in terms of displacement responses, but also required control forces. Moreover, the influence of different weighting matrices on performance of the proposed control strategy has been presented.
The effectiveness of the neuro-controller has been demonstrated on two numerical examples: a simple single degree of freedom (DOF) structure and a multi-DOF structure representing a twelve story building. Both structures under consideration have been excited with El Centro acceleration signal. The results of numerical simulations on the SDOF system indicate that using neuro-controller it would be possible to obtain smaller amplitudes as compared with the LQ regulator, but it would require higher control effort.

Keywords: vibration control, artificial neural networks, seismic excitation
Published online
2018-02-06
How to Cite
Blachowski, B., & Pnevmatikos, N. (2018). Neural Network Based Vibration Control of Seismically Excited Civil Structures. Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, 62(3), 620-628. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPci.11601
Section
Research Article