Inelastic Ultimate Load Analysis of Steel Frames Considering Lateral Torsional Buckling under Distributed Loads
Contemporary structural design approaches necessitates ways to determine realistic behavior of structures. For this purpose, inelastic ultimate load analysis methods are used widely since strength and stability of whole structure can be represented. In this study, a numerical method is proposed for determining inelastic ultimate load capacity of steel frames considering lateral torsional buckling behavior under distributed loads. In the analyses, inelastic material behavior, second-order effects and residual stresses of the structural frame system and its members are taken into account. Additionally, lateral torsional buckling behavior is considered in the analysis using finite difference method and it is used for determining the structural load carrying capacity of steel frames. Consequently, the problem associated with flexural capacity decreases due to lateral torsional buckling is precisely considered in the load increment steps of inelastic ultimate load analysis. In order to validate the proposed method, numerical examples from the literature are calculated considering the proposed method, AISC 360-16 design specification equations and approaches from the literature. Results of the numerical examples show that lateral torsional buckling is a key issue in determining structural load carrying capacity. Thus, proposed analysis method is shown to be an efﬁcient and consistent tool for inelastic ultimate load analysis.