An Early-age Evaluation of Thermal Cracking Index of Heavy Concrete Applying for Airport Pavement
Industrial waste management has been an integral part of many countries in the world, including in Vietnam. In which, bottom ash (BA) has been used as a pozzolanic additive in compositions of the heavy concrete applying for airport concrete pavement (ACP), which allows reducing the hydration heat, the cost, and the thermal cracking of the concrete during the construction process. The purpose of this study is to summarize the experimental laboratory results of the heavy concrete samples containing 35 % BA sourced from a thermal power plant in Vietnam. The mechanical and thermal properties of the heavy concrete samples were determined at different curing ages. Besides, the heat of cement hydration during the preparation of the heavy concrete in the laboratory was measured using a "TAM AIR" isothermal calorimeter. Moreover, the Midas civil computer software based on the finite element method was used to analyze the temperature field and thermal cracking index of the ACP at the early ages. As the results, the heavy concrete had the respective thermal conductivity and the average of specific heat of 1.1 W/(m.°C) and 878.35 J/(kg.°C). Moreover, the value of thermal cracking index indicates that no cracking occurred on the ACP at the early ages. Furthermore, the results of the present study can be considered as a useful reference source for future projects that are associated with the construction of the ACP.