System Reliability Based Design Optimization of Truss Structures with Interval Variables
New products ranging from simple components to complex structures should be designed to be optimal and reliable. In this paper, for the first time, a hybrid uncertain model is applied to system reliability based design optimization (RBDO) of trusses. All uncertain variables are described by random distributions but those lack information are defined by variation intervals. For system RBDO of trusses, the first order reliability method, as well as an equivalent model and the branch and bound method, are utilized to determine the system failure probability; and Improved (μ + λ) constrained differential evolution (ICDE) is employed for the optimization process. Reliability assessment of some engineering examples is proposed to verify our results. Moreover, the effect interval variables on the optimum weight of the truss structures are investigated. The results indicate that the optimal weight depends not only on the uncertainty level but also on the equivalent standard deviation; and a falling-rising behavior is observed.