Model of Soil-structure Interaction of Objects Resting on Finite Depth Soil Layers for Seismic Design
In case of seismic design of structures the deformability and damping of the soil should be considered, which can be performed in several ways. The infinite soil half space can be approximated with the cone model, which gives constant values for the spring stiffnesses and dashpot characteristics, and an additional mass element for rocking motion. To approximate the dynamic impedance function of a soil layer more complex models were also applied. Most of the methods do not take into account the finite dimensions of the soil, which results significantly different behavior than spring-dashpot systems. To consider the effect of a finite layer a new simple model based on a physical approach is given for the horizontal excitation of strip foundations. Numerical verification is presented, and the parameter range is determined, where the application of the new model is recommended, since applying a spring-dashpot model results in significant errors.