Study of Possibilities of Using Special Types of Building and Demolition Waste in Civil Engineering
Construction and demolition waste makes up a substantial part of all waste produced in Europe. Its impact on the environment may be relatively small, but it exists in large amounts and holds many options of re-use. This is why it remains a frequently discussed topic of European policy. As part of circular economy, the European Commission has already proposed new goals and strategies for existing types of waste. However, they are not entirely clear on the usage of new kinds of building and demolition waste, as they are yet to be specified by existing legislation. This paper discusses new kinds of building and demolition waste and the basic principles (new technology) of their use. The possibilities of utilizing new kinds of waste are based on a multicriteria optimization calculation, specifying each material and proposing ways of its further use. Recent findings can expand the choice of new uses of construction and demolition waste and reduce their impact on the environment (less waste, better properties and more effective processing, reducing transportation needs, maximizing re-use and recycling).