Numerical Simulation of Hydraulic Jump over Rough Beds

  • Saman Nikmehr

    Department of Water Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan, Kurdistan Province, Pasdaran Blvd. Sanandaj, P.O.B. 66177-15175, Iran

  • Younes Aminpour

    Department of Hydraulic Structures, Water Research Institute, Ministry of Energy, Tehran, Iran


In this study, the hydraulic jumps over rough beds are numerically simulated. In order to calibrate the numerical model, the experimental data were used, which performed in a rectangular flume in various roughness arrangements and different Froude numbers. The effect of the distance (s) and the height (t) of the roughness on different characteristics of the hydraulic jump, including the sequent depth ratio, water surface profile, jump’s length, roller’s length, and velocity distribution were evaluated and compared. The results showed that the numerical model is fairly well able to simulate the hydraulic jump characteristics. The results also showed that the height and distance of roughness slightly reduced the sequent depth ratios for all Froude numbers. Also, the hydraulic jump length is reduced at the presence of the rough bed. Velocity profiles in different experiments were similar and there was a good agreement between simulated and measured results. Also, increasing the distance and the height of the roughness will slow down the velocity near the bed, increase the shear stress, and increase the gradient of the velocity distribution near the bed.

Keywords: hydraulic jump, numerical simulation, rough beds, FLOW 3D Model
Published online
How to Cite
Nikmehr, S., Aminpour, Y. “Numerical Simulation of Hydraulic Jump over Rough Beds”, Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, 64(2), pp. 396-407, 2020.
Research Article