Numerical Simulation of Hydraulic Jump over Rough Beds
In this study, the hydraulic jumps over rough beds are numerically simulated. In order to calibrate the numerical model, the experimental data were used, which performed in a rectangular flume in various roughness arrangements and different Froude numbers. The effect of the distance (s) and the height (t) of the roughness on different characteristics of the hydraulic jump, including the sequent depth ratio, water surface profile, jump’s length, roller’s length, and velocity distribution were evaluated and compared. The results showed that the numerical model is fairly well able to simulate the hydraulic jump characteristics. The results also showed that the height and distance of roughness slightly reduced the sequent depth ratios for all Froude numbers. Also, the hydraulic jump length is reduced at the presence of the rough bed. Velocity profiles in different experiments were similar and there was a good agreement between simulated and measured results. Also, increasing the distance and the height of the roughness will slow down the velocity near the bed, increase the shear stress, and increase the gradient of the velocity distribution near the bed.