Laboratory Investigation on the Effect of Microsilica Additive on the Mechanical Behavior of Deep Soil Mixing Columns in Saline Dry Sand
Since loose and salty subgrades consider as problematic barriers while constructing new transportation infrastructures such as railway tracks and roads are required, the current study aims to find a solution to stabilize these kinds of subgrades using the deep soil mixing (DSM) technique and micro silica additive. In the present study a series of experimental DSM columns were executed in a salty sand-filled chamber utilizing a laboratory scale DSM apparatuses. In the first step, by adding three salt percentages of 5, 10 and 20 into the original sand, four different sandy subgrades with a relative density of 70% were prepared. Considering three percentages of 10, 15 and 20 for micro silica additive, the water-to-cement ratio of 1, salt percentages of 0, 5, 10 and 20 totally 150 sand-cement columns were constructed in the lab environment. In continuation, unconfined compression strength (UCS) and elasticity modulus of all capped DSM columns have been determined and interpreted using scanning electron microscope (SEM) images at three ages of 7,14 and 28 days. The results indicated that increasing the salinity of subgrade soil from 0 to 20% resulted in a falling UCS and Young module by 28 and 21% for 28-days specimens. Furthermore, as a solution, adding micro silica in cement-water grout up to 15% resulted in enhancing mechanical characteristics of the DSM columns. So that adding 15% microsilica caused a 21 and 42% increase in UCS and elasticity modulus of 28-days samples respectively, executed in subgrade with 20% salt.