Shear Flow in Cylindrical Open Channel Under Precession


  • Hajar Alshoufi

    Department of Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3. 1111, Budapest, Hungary


The study of forced oscillations in open cylindrical channel under precession is extended to include the shear effect, that is induced by inertial waves in such systems. The linear part of the problem led to two equations for stability one for the viscous part similar to Orr-Sommerfeld equation and one for the inviscid part similar to Rayleigh equation, the second was solved and discussed depending on the stream function observation. The linear part also led to relationship that connects between the stream velocity and the disturbance one is derived in a form similar to Burns conditions for open flows under normal conditions. Experimentally measuring the horizontal velocity distribution with depth showed that this distribution is sinusoidal one. Burns condition was solved based on this assumption. The nonlinear part of the problem led to a new version of Koteweg De-Vries (KdV) equation that is solved numerically by applying the leapfrog method for time discretization, Fourier transformation for the space one, and the trapezoidal rule for solving the integrals with depth, the results showed that the shear has no specific impact on the wave form which is similar to the classical results obtained by the theories under normal conditions.


precession; open channel flow; shear flow; Rayleigh stability; KdV equation

Published Online


How to Cite

Alshoufi, H. “Shear Flow in Cylindrical Open Channel Under Precession”, Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, 65(4), pp. 1247–1259, 2021.



Research Article