Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Impact Strength of Concrete Slabs
The topic of this paper is experimental and numerical analysis of the impact strength of unreinforced concrete slabs. Impact strength of concrete is significant in case of some accidental loads during exploitation. Impact strength can be determined experimentally, using Drop-weight test, Charpy test, Projectile impact test, Explosive test, etc. In this research, a numerical model for determining the impact strength of concrete slabs based on Finite element method (FEM) and high-end engineering software has been proposed. Modelling approach to this problem was applying the Explicit dynamics FEM analysis. Thereat, two different existing material models for concrete were enforced: Concrete damage plasticity model – CDP (implemented in ABAQUS/Explicit software), and the Riedel-Hiermaier-Thoma model – RHT (implemented in ANSYS Workbench software). Analysis parameters for both material models, necessary as input data, have been determined through a series of FEM analyses and validated by performed experiments, using drop-weight test. Results of the numerical analyses have been compared with the experimental ones, as well as mutually. Advantages and drawbacks of both material models are highlighted, as well as the reliability of the proposed numerical models. The proposed numerical FE models, confirmed by experiments, can be successfully used for determining impact strength of concrete slabs in further research.