New Formulations for Dynamic Behavior of Sand-Waste Tire Mixtures in a Small Range of Strain Amplitudes
This paper describes the results of a series of cyclic triaxial tests on sand - waste tire mixtures, and applications of genetic programming (GP) and stepwise regression (SR) for the prediction of damping ratio and shear modulus of the mixtures tested. In the tests, shear modulus, and damping ratio of the geomaterials were measured for a strain range of 0.0001% up to 0.04%. The input variables in the developed GP and SR models are the waste tire content (0%, 10%, 20%, and 30%), waste tire type (tire crumbs or tire buffings), strain, and confining pressures (40 kPa, 100 kPa, and 200 kPa), and outputs are shear modulus and damping ratio. Test results show that the shear modulus and the damping ratio of the mixtures are strongly influenced by the waste tire inclusions. The performance of the proposed GP models (R2 = 0.95 for shear modulus, and R2 = 0.94 for damping ratio) are observed to be more accurate than that of the SR models (R2 = 0.87 for shear modulus, and R2 = 0.91 for damping ratio).