Composites Based on Alternative Raw Materials at High Temperature Conditions

  • Tomáš Melichar Brno University of Technology Faculty of Civil Engineering
  • Jiří Bydžovský Brno University of Technology Faculty of Civil Engineering
  • Ámos Dufka Brno University of Technology Faculty of Civil Engineering

Abstract

This paper presents newly developed polymer-cement composites.The primary binder (cement) was partially substituted byuse of blast-furnace slag and high-temperature fly ash. A lightweightaggregate – agloporite (grain size in range 1–2 mm) wasused among other components. This porous aggregate is producedfrom energy by-products (fly ash). Attention was focusedon the behavior of the composites when exposed to elevatedtemperatures (400 °C–1,000°C). The influence of several differentmethods of temperature decrease was assessed – slow(in furnace 1°C/min) and rapid (laboratory ambient 22°C andwater bath 18°C). Specific dimensional changes were determined,including strength characteristics and bulk density.Structural deterioration and microstructural changes of selectedspecimens were investigated by analytical techniques (SEM andCT). Compressive and bending tensile strength changed variouslydepending on temperature changes, including severalcooling conditions. Deterioration reactions (especially cracks)which were formed in investigated composite structures correspondedwith results of physico-mechanical testing. That wasconfirmed by using the CT and SEM.The fact that the agloporite has a positive effect on thermalresistance of developed polymer-cement composites wasproved. Almost no cracks or other failures were identified (byusing CT and SEM) in interfacial transition zones of agloporiteafter thermal stress. This indicates very good bond adhesionbetween the matrix and the porous aggregates during extremetemperature conditions (in case of different cooling methods).

Keywords

elevated temperature, rapid cooling, polymer-cement, mortar, fly ash, blast furnace slag, agloporite, strength, density, bond, residual properties
Published
15-05-2017
How to Cite
MELICHAR, Tomáš; BYDŽOVSKÝ, Jiří; DUFKA, Ámos. Composites Based on Alternative Raw Materials at High Temperature Conditions. Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, [S.l.], may 2017. ISSN 1587-3773. Available at: <https://pp.bme.hu/ci/article/view/9820>. Date accessed: 24 sep. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3311/PPci.9820.
Section
Research Article