Effect of Weaving Type on Damage Behaviour of Carbon/Epoxy Laminate under Low Velocity Impact Loading
The main purpose of the present investigation was to determine the damages generated by the low velocity impact by mean of the finite element method. The commercial transient finite element package LS-dyna used to model the effect of slug impactor induced damage in composite material subjected to low velocity impact. Four types of weaving were considered; serge (2/2), serge (0/30/-30/0), serge (0/45-45/0) and taffeta. The Texgen package was used to build the laminate pattern weaves. The composite material was subjected to stainless steel slug impactor in the transverse direction dropping the composite laminate at the center with a velocity about of 15m/s. The analysis was carried out using the model 001-ELASTIC for matrix, 002-ORTHOTROPIC_ELASTIC for fibersand a rigid body model MAT20 for the slug impactor. The contact automatic single surface has been used between the yarns and the automatic_surface_to_surface between the matrix and the impactor and the contact automatic_surface_to_surface_tiebreak between the matrix and yarns and the contact automatic_surface_to_surface_tiebreak between layers.
The impact load, energy, displacements were reported as function of impact time. The delamination area was represented at the layer interfaces for each material.