Thermodynamic and Numerical Analysis of Tangentially Fired Boiler for Increasing Efficiency and Reducing Environmental Pollution
The evaluation of heat transfer and fluid mechanics mechanisms to increase the thermal efficiency and combustion quality in heavy industries, such as power plants, are important and significant issues in the field of engineering sciences, which can lead to significant advances. In this regard, the present paper has been developed with thermodynamic and numerical simulations of the MONTAZER GHAEM Power Plant boiler to study the increase in efficiency and reduce environmental pollution. Also in this research, the results of practical tests have been used to verify the simulations. The thermodynamic simulation results show that the required fuel consumption of the burners in current operating conditions is not 9.1 kg/s, but it is 8.1 kg/s. The low efficiency of the set, which leads to the injection of more than the required amount of fuel to the boiler, cause the non-corresponding power generation for injected fuel, which results in the reduction of the plant thermal efficiency from 36.4% to 33.9%. The results of computational fluid dynamics show that the lightness of natural gas combustion products and, the no-flow accumulation in the lower parts of the furnace, reduce the produced steam, which results in power loss at the exit. Numerical results also show that the highest rate of NOX production occurs near the burners due to the high flame temperature and high oxygen mass fraction and consequently, the non-uniform distribution of heat in the furnace.