On the Onset of Double-diffusive Convection in a Couple Stress Nanofluid in a Porous Medium
Double-diffusive convection in a horizontal layer of nanofluid in a porous medium is studied. The couple-stress fluid model is considered to describe the rheological behavior of the nanofluid and for porous medium Darcy model is employed. The model applied for couple stress nanofluid incorporates the effect of Brownian motion and thermophoresis. We have assumed that the nanoparticle concentration flux is zero on the boundaries which neutralizes the possibility of oscillatory convection and only stationary convection occurs. The dispersion relation describing the effect of various parameters is derived by applying perturbation theory, normal mode analysis method and linear stability theory. The impact of various physical parameters, like the couple stress parameter, medium porosity, solutal Rayleigh Number, thermo-nanofluid Lewis number, thermo-solutal Lewis number, Soret parameter and Dufour parameter have been examined on the stationary convection. It is observed that the couple stress parameter, thermo-nanofluid Lewis number, thermo-solutal Lewis number, Soret parameter and Dufour parameter have stabilizing effects on the stationary convection whereas the solutal Rayleigh number and Dufour parameter have very small effect on the system.