The Effect of the Projectile Shape on the Stress Biomechanical Behavior of Dental Implant: Three-dimensional Analysis

  • Noureddine Djebbar Laboratory Mechanical Physical of Materials (LMPM), Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hassiba Benbouali, Essalem city, N° 19 National Road, Chlef 02000, Algeria
  • Boualem Serier Laboratory Mechanical Physical of Materials (LMPM), Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, BP 89, Ben M’hidi city, Sidi Bel Abbes 22000, Algeria
  • Smail Benbarek Laboratory Mechanical Physical of Materials (LMPM), Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, BP 89, Ben M’hidi city, Sidi Bel Abbes 22000, Algeria
  • Benali Boutabout Laboratory Mechanical Physical of Materials (LMPM), Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, BP 89, Ben M’hidi city, Sidi Bel Abbes 22000, Algeria

Abstract

The finite element method is used to solve mechanical and physical problems in engineering analysis and design. Primary stability has been regarded as a prerequisite for osseointegration of dental implants. Biomechanical factors play a key role in the success of dental implants. The study of impact velocity is relevant to the biomechanics of dental implants. The purpose of this analysis was to determine the intensity and distribution of stresses in the dental prosthesis elements (crown, framework, implant, abutment, bone) and the sliding at the bone–implant interface under the effect of a mechanical impact of different geometric shape of projectile, this shock simulates a stone throw or other objects coming into contact with the dental prosthesis.

Keywords: finite element analysis, impact velocity, bone, biomechanics
Published online
2019-08-23
How to Cite
Djebbar, N., Serier, B., Benbarek, S. and Boutabout, B. (2019) “The Effect of the Projectile Shape on the Stress Biomechanical Behavior of Dental Implant: Three-dimensional Analysis”, Periodica Polytechnica Mechanical Engineering, 64(4), pp. 249-256. doi: https://doi.org/10.3311/PPme.12580.
Section
Articles