Calculating ISQ Primary Stability of a Dental Implant through Micromotion
There are several types of primary and secondary stability measuring methods, but there are no calculating methods to determine direct primary stability. The aim of this work is to make a calculation method for primary stability. The out coming result of the calculation should be the same form and unit as available in the clinical and used RFA (Resonance Frequency Analysis) method, especially the ISQ (Implant Stability Quotient). Dental implant analog screws were inserted in bone modelling standard PUR (Polyurethane) solid foam blocks, and the insertion torque and the micromotion was monitored. The ISQ values of the inserted screws were measured also. On the basis of results, the characteristic equation was determined, which showed an excellent correlation (r = 0.96) between the micro mobility and ISQ. To simulate the micro mobility of an inserted screw with FEA (Finite Element Analysis) in any case of the change the bone material properties is not difficult instead of in vitro and in vivo examinations. Using the simulation results and the characteristic equation the clinically used ISQ value could be determinable. Thanks to this simple method, it is easy to monitor virtually the stability change in any lesion of bone structure. As a result of the conducted measurements and simulations, it can be concluded that the ISQ value, which represent the implant primary stability, can be calculated via FEA. With this simulation method, it is possible to predict and monitor pre-clinically the primary stability of dental implants with new geometries.