On the boundary conditions of cerebral aneurysm simulations

  • Ádám Ugron
  • György Paál


Cerebral aneurysms are bulges appearing on brain arteries. The development, growth and rupture has been intensively studied using numerical tools. We present a series of studies covering many of the open questions related to the boundary conditions used in numerical simulations, namely the inlet, outlet and the wall. The effect of boundary conditions cannot be overestimated; yet it received much less attention than it would have deserved.
An analytical formula of the pulsating pipe flow with rigid walls is used to study the effects of the varying parameters of the cardiac cycle. Both idealised and real geometries are used to study the propagation of the boundary effects, and to analyse the effects of distensible boundaries.
Our results provide useful criteria for the necessary inlet and outlet length. We found that the deformability of wall boundaries has a significant influence; however, simulations with rigid walls are still able to capture the main hemodynamic properties of the flow.
The results can be effectively used in the simulation of cerebral aneurysm and provide a firmer ground in a broader sense for hemodynamic simulations.
Keywords: hemodynamics, cerebral aneurysm, boundary condition, Womersley, fluid-structure interaction
Published online
How to Cite
Ugron, Ádám and Paál, G. (2014) “On the boundary conditions of cerebral aneurysm simulations”, Periodica Polytechnica Mechanical Engineering, 58(1), pp. 37-45. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPme.7392.