On the Modeling of Surface Roughness and Cutting Force when Turning of Inconel 718 Using Artificial Neural Network and Response Surface Methodology: Accuracy and Benefit
This paper is an attempt to compare artificial neural networks and response surface methodology for modeling surface roughness and cutting force in terms of better coefficient of determination (R2), lower root mean square error (RMSE) and model predictive error (MPE). Models were developed based on three-level Box-Behnken design (BBD) of experiments with 15 experimental runs composed of three center points, conducted on Inconel 718 work material using coated carbide insert with cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut as the process parameters under dry environment. Results show that the artificial neural network (ANN) compared with RSM is a better reliable and accurate approach for predicting and detecting the non-linearity of surface roughness and cutting force mathematical models in terms of correlation and errors. Indeed, the ANN prediction model provides a maximal benefit in terms of precision of 10.1% for cutting force (Fv) and 24.38% for surface roughness (Ra) compared with the RSM prediction model.