Development of a Multi-Point Injection System Operating on Superheated Alcohol Fuels and Evaluation of Toxicity of Their Combustion Products
This article is devoted to the development of a fuel injection system for internal combustion engines (ICEs or engines) with positive ignition, which operates on superheated fuels. Such systems allow engines securely starting and working on absolute (96%) alcohol, even in low temperature environments. This article describes the operation principle of a multi-point superheated fuels injection system; and the comparison analysis of thermal efficiency and heat balances of both the baseline gasoline engine and the engine with a developed superheated alcohol-based fuel injection system is provided. In experimental studies, the contents of CO, CH, and CO2 in the combustion products of alcohols were determined. Based on the obtained results we can conclude that the application of the proposed multi-point injection system operating on superheated alcohol fuels reduces both greenhouse gas emissions and harmful substances in exhaust gas emissions.