Numerical Study of 2D and 3D Separation Phenomena in the Dam-Break Flow Interacting with a Triangular Obstacle

  • Alexander Khrabry St.-Petersburg State Polytechnic University
  • Evgueni Smirnov St.-Petersburg State Polytechnic University
  • Dmitry Zaytsev St.-Petersburg State Polytechnic University
  • Valery Goryachev Tver State Technical University


Dam-break turbulent flow interacting with obstacles is simulated with the VOF method implemented in an in-house unstructured-grid finite-volume Navier-Stokes code. A special attention is paid to prediction of separation phenomena using low-Re computational grids that provide full resolution of viscous sublayers on the bottom and side confining walls, if any. Some original developments aimed at improvement of the VOF method robustness for such kind of flows are presented. The test case considered is interaction of the dam-break induced water stream with a triangular obstacle. Computations under conditions of experiments by Soares-Frazao (2007) have been carried out on the base of 2D and 3D formulations. It is shown that action of the bottom wall friction leads to formation of one or two separation “bubbles”, depending on the flow development phase, and to occurrence of associated hills at the free surface, which are observed in experimental photos as well. Taking into account presence of side walls of the experimental channel results in solutions with a considerably 3D shape of the computed free surface, and its side view much better agrees with the experimental photos than that given by 2D solutions. Moreover, local-in-time separation of the flow from the side walls is predicted with the 3D formulation.
Keywords: CFD, dam-break flow, flow-obstacle interaction, viscosity induced separation, VOF method
Published online
How to Cite
Khrabry, A., Smirnov, E., Zaytsev, D. and Goryachev, V. (2016) “Numerical Study of 2D and 3D Separation Phenomena in the Dam-Break Flow Interacting with a Triangular Obstacle”, Periodica Polytechnica Mechanical Engineering, 60(3), pp. 159-166.