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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it at another journal for consideration.
  • The submission file is a PDF file. (The source file is recommended to be submitted. The illustrations, figures are included.)
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • References closely follow the recommended format (see sample file in docx and pdf).
  • Where available, DOIs or URLs have been provided for the references.
  • The illustrations and figures are of high resolution and quality.
  • All authors, affiliations and email addresses are properly specified in the submission web page.
  • Blinding the Paper: Papers submitted to Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences must be blinded prior to review. Papers cannot be reviewed unless they are properly blinded. To blind the paper, please follow these guidelines:
    • There is no need for a title page. The first page of the paper should contain the title, immediately followed by the abstract, immediately followed by text of the paper. Information about the authors is not required on this page.
    • Generic references to "I" or "me" (or other first-person pronouns) are permitted, unless they appear in conjunction with evidence that would lead the reader to infer to whom the pronoun refers.
    • Check that the paper has no running headers or footers with the name of the authors.

Author Guidelines


Manuscripts are accepted for review on the understanding that a similar work has been neither published nor submitted elsewhere and that all the authors have given their approval for the submission of the paper. The submitting author must provide contact information (full name, email address, ORCID ID, institutional affiliation, and mailing address) for all co-authors. The names must be uploaded in the same form and sequence as they appear on the first page of the manuscript (Note that co-authors are not required to register in the online system). The submitting author takes the responsibility of notifying all co-authors that the manuscript is being submitted. Deletion of an author after the submission requires a confirmation email to the assigned editor.
Manuscripts should be submitted in English through our online system in PDF format and also in Word as a "source file". Only manuscripts meeting all the formal requirements will be considered for review and possible publication.
Correspondence regarding the peer review, and/or acceptance of papers should be directed to the Editorial Contact.
Correspondence regarding the preparation of the final version, usage of the MS Word Template, copyediting and typesetting of papers should be directed to the Publisher Contact.
If you have general questions concerning the handling of the online OJS system (e.g. registration, login, paper submission), please contact

Here is a MS Word Template and a sample file (in docx and in pdf) for preparing the manuscript, which should be submitted in this style. A research article may only be longer than 8 pages in exceptional cases, while the limit of 12 pages applies to review articles.
LANGUAGE: Papers must be submitted in English. Expressions in other languages should be translated to English everywhere in the text, equations, figures, and tables.
TITLE: main words in the title start with a capital letter, articles and conjunctions with lowercase letters.
AUTHORS' names: Please specify the full author name with non-abbreviated first (given) and last (surname) names. ORCID ID is not shown in the PDF versions of the papers. If the authors provide the ORCID ID, this information is presented on the web page of the paper.
AFFILIATIONS contain the name of the company or institute (department, faculty, university) postal address, and email address.
The ABSTRACT should be concise and no longer than 250 words and should not contain citations. Give 3–5 KEYWORDS start with lowercase character and are separated by comma.
All SECTIONS are numbered consecutively except for the "Acknowledgement" and "References". Please refer to sections as "Section 1" etc. (not as "Chapter").
Titles may have at most three hierarchical levels:
1 Title
1.1 Subtitle
1.1.1 Sub-subtitle
Should further levels be necessary, additional title lines must have italic font and no number with no empty line before them.
The text may employ italics, rather than underlining. All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

In the following, all illustrations (pictures, diagrams, photographs) are referred to as figures. Upon acceptance figures should also be uploaded in separate files. File names should be of the form "Fig01.jpg" or "Fig02.eps" etc. Please do not include captions as part of the figures. If your figure has more parts, include the labels “(a)” and “(b)” etc. as part of the artwork. Bitmap images are expected in jpg, png or tiff formats, vector graphics in eps or pdf formats. Please do not create line drawings with the built-in features of Word or Excel as we shall need these drawings in separate files. Please export the drawings in a vector graphics format (PDF/EPS) or in a bitmap image format (JPG/PNG, TIFF) of high resolution. It is essential that the bitmap images have sufficient resolution to allow faithful reproduction (300 dpi or more). To determine the optimum resolution (width × height) for a 300 dpi image, measure the width and height as it appears in your document (in millimeters), and then multiply those two values by 12. For example, a square image of 80 mm wide, i.e. having the width of a single column, the optimal size is about 1000 × 1000 pixel resolution and should be at least 600 × 600. Please do not increase the resolution by simple upsampling, the text and lines must be sharp and readable. Figures should not have extra white borders and must be properly cropped.
The dimensions of the figures have strict limitations: the maximum width in a column is 83.5 mm and the maximum width for a two-column picture is 174 mm. Keep lettering in a figure resized for the manuscript in a readable but moderate size (ideally equivalent to 8–10 pt).
The definition of the notation (legend) for diagrams should also be sent together with the diagram as an image file. Alternatively, explain the notation in the caption of the figures but without graphic symbols. Some examples of such explanation are "marked with gray column/triangle/striped area".
Figures are numbered consecutively. Please refer every figure from the text. When referencing your figures within your paper, use the abbreviation "Fig." even at the beginning of a sentence. Please always write an informative caption that explains the significance of the figure.
The layout and form of Schemes are identical to those of specified for figures. They should be separate high resolution image files. Scheme title is expected below the scheme, centered, and without abbreviation (e.g. "Scheme 1").

Algorithms are supposed to have the form of a table. The title of the Algorithm is in the first row of the table, aligned left. If necessary, it may contain vertical lines or simple arrows but not complex drawings. Schemes and Algorithms should be explicitly referred in the text: (e.g.: Scheme 10, Algorithm 10).

Tables cannot be images. Tables are to be referred as "Table 1" etc. in the text, do not write "the table above" or "the table below". Tables get consecutive numbers similarly to figures. Please refer every table explicitly in the text. Please always write an informative caption that explains the significance of the table. The table caption is centered above the table.

Use the Equation Editor or MathType (, and never insert an equation as an image or a text. Number equations consecutively with equation numbers in parentheses flushed to the right margin. Use the tab to position the formula and the equation number. Punctuate equations when they are part of a sentence. Refer to equations as "Eq. (1)", but not as "equation (1)" or as "(1)", except at the beginning of a sentence, e.g. "Equation (1) is ...". When referring to mathematical/physical/chemical expressions, the Eq. term is used, that is, Eq. is a general term applicable not only to equations but also for inequalities, constraints, etc.
Whenever possible, inline mathematics should also be typed with the equation editor. Be sure that the symbols in your equation have been defined before the equation appears or immediately following.

Symbols and Character Formats

  • Italicize symbols but not units of measure (variable T might refer to temperature, but T is the unit tesla).
  • Lowercase Greek letters are italic (ω), uppercase Greek letters (Ω) are regular.
  • Texts (if, then and, or etc.) and acronyms (DG etc.) are not slanted in equations.
  • Lowercase abbreviations are slanted even in subscripts.
  • Mathematical functions (min, max, sin, cos), dimensionless numbers (e.g..: Re – Reynolds number), and chemical symbols (H2O) are not slanted.
  • Vectors are in italic and bold fonts, but the components of vectors are only italic.

Appendix, Nomenclature and Supplement
Appendix is placed after the References. Nomenclature is between the last section and References. Appendices are denoted as Appendix A, Appendix B, etc. The numbering of figures/tables/algorithms/schemes/equations is continuous, that is, the numbers do not start again in the Appendix. These can be referred as e.g. Fig. 10, Eq. (10), Table 10 independently whether or not they are in the Appendix. Supplement in a separate file can also be published on-line. Numbering in the supplement starts from 1 and is distinguished with letter S: Fig. S1, Table S1, Eq. (S1).

Authors take the full responsibility for the accuracy of their references. Please add the DOI number or URL of a full- text version if it exists. The DOI of journal papers can be found in page (you need to register first). DOIs must be given for conference papers too. Insert DOI as active link in the following format (example):[DOI].
This journal uses the Harvard (name and date) reference system for citations in the text, with a detailed list at the end of the paper. The references are arranged alphabetically according to first author, subsequent lines indented. Do not number references.
Author names are expected in the "Family, C." format where "C" is the initial of the first name. Do not use "and" or "et al.", give the names of each author (Smith, A. D., Small, B., Big, C.). Publications by the same author(s) should be listed in order of the year of publication. For two works published in the same year by the same author, use "a" and "b". If the list of references includes persons bearing the same surnames, the first letter of the author's name should be indicated.
Provide the complete title of publication (title of paper, book, book chapter, standard, patent). Do not abbreviate journal or conference names, e.g. write "Transactions on Medical Imaging" instead of "Trans Med Imaging".
A single author paper is cited as (Silvio, 2010) in the text. Two authors are cited as (O'Brien and Johnson, 2005), more than two authors are cited as (Lee et al., 1995).
If the author's name appears in the text itself, then put only the date in parentheses: "Silvio (2010)…"; "O'Brien and Johnson (2005) …" or "Lee et al. (1995) …".
If more than one work is cited, separate the citations with semicolons: (Silvio, 2010; O'Brien and Johnson, 2005).
Please note that all items of the reference list must be directly cited in the body of the text. Each citation in the text must be included in the reference list.
Do not create "Cross-references" in your Word file.

Sample Reference List

Journal articles:
Author, A. B., Author, C., Author, D. E. (Year) "Title of article", Complete Title of the Journal, Volume(Number), pp. xxx–xxx.[DOI]

Journal articles without DOI (publically available on the internet):
Author, A. B., Author, C., Author, D. E. (Year) "Title of article", Complete Title of the Journal, Volume(Number), pp. xxx–xxx. [online] Available at: URL [Accessed: date (day month year)]

Chapters of books:
Author, A. B. (Year) "Title of chapter in the book", In: Title of the Published Book, Publisher, City of Publisher, Country, pp. xxx–xxx.[DOI]

Chapters of edited books:
Chapter author(s) (Year) "Title of chapter in the book", In: Book editor(s) with (ed. or eds.) Title of the Published Book, Publisher, City of Publisher, Country, pp. xxx–xxx.[DOI]

Author, A. B. (Year) "Title of the book", Publisher, City of Publisher, Country.[DOI]

Conference proceedings (published):
Author, A. B. (Year) "Title of paper", In: Name of Conference, City of Conference, Country, pp. xxx–xxx.[DOI]

Papers presented at conferences (unpublished):
Author, A. B. (Year) "Title of paper", presented at Name of Conference, City of Conference, Country, Abbreviated Month, Day, Year.

Dissertations/Theses and e-version:
Author, A. B. (Year) "Title of dissertation", Level, Official name of the University.
Author, A. B. (Year) "Title of dissertation", Level, Official name of the University. Available at: URL [Accessed: date (day month year)]

Authorship or Source "Title of the web document or webpage", [online] Available at: web address/URL [Accessed: date (day month year)]

Author, A. B. (Year) "Title of report", Name of the Corporation, City of the Corporation, Country, Rep. xxx.

Inventor name, Initials, Assignee (Year) "Title of patent", Place, Patent number (status, if an application).

Corporate author (Year of Publication) "Identifying letters and numbers and full title of Standard", Publisher, Place of publication.

PDF documents (for example, a Government publication or similar which is freely available):
Authorship "Title of document", [pdf] Publisher, Place of publication (if known), Available at: web address or URL for the actual pdf [Accessed: date (day month year)]

Computer Program:
Authorship/Organisation "Title of program, (Version)", [computer program] Available at: web address/URL [Accessed: date (day month year)]

European Union (EU) documents:
The name of the Institution where the document originates (e.g. Commission) Form (e.g. Directive or Decision) Year/Legislation number/ Initials of Institution followed by the date it was passed if known, followed by the title.

Newspaper articles:
Author, A. B. (Year) "Title of article or column header", Full Title of Newspaper, Day and month before page numbers and column line.

Online newspaper articles:
Author or corporate author (Year) "Title of document or page", Name of newspaper, [online] additional date information. Available at: URL [Accessed: date (day month year)]

Archive material:
Author, A. B. (Year) "Title of document", [type of medium] Collection, Document number, Name of Library/Archive/Repository, Geographical Town/Place.

Cited papers not in English, give the title in original language, then the translation to English, and a remark at the end: (in [Language]):
Author, A. B. (Year) "Name of paper" (English translation), Complete Title of the Journal, Volume(Number), pp. xxx–xxx. (in [Language])[DOI]

If revisions of the original manuscript are required, authors will have a maximum of 4 weeks (from receipt of the referees comments) to revise and re-submit their paper. For the submission of the revised article, you should send a text file containing the revised text where the changes are highlighted and a response to the reviewers' comments in Word or PDF file.

Final Version after Acceptance
For the submission of the final version, you should upload the article text in docx format prepared with our template and also in pdf, and a separate image file of each figure. The preferred formats for pictures are jpg (moderate compression!), tif, png, maybe pdf. Do not convert your vector graphics into raster format, just submit the original in a separate file.
We will check all figure and bibliography requirements and let typesetting start only when all of them are met. The precise preparation of your final version speeds up the publication of your paper.
The final version is due within 21 days. Should you not be able to meet this deadline, please contact us as soon as possible.
Proof in PDF format can be downloaded from the Online Journal System (OJS) after the notification is sent to the corresponding author via e-mail. The proofs should be returned within 5 workdays of receipt. Corrections should be restricted to minor corrections (like typesetting errors, etc.). Extensive or important changes on page proofs, including changes to the list of authors, authors' affiliation or major changes to the title, are subject to editorial review. Please upload an annotated PDF or scan the corrected pages of the proofs.

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