Contributions of Absorptive Capabilities to Export Performance

  • Alexandra França
  • Orlando Lima Rua

Abstract

The processes for absorbing external knowledge became an essential element for firms to adapt to changes in the competitive environment. Knowledge plays an important role in firms’ internationalization process. Building on well established theories, our research explores the contributions of absorptive capacities to export performance.

This research adopted a quantitative methodological approach, conducting a descriptive, exploratory and transversal empirical study, having applied a questionnaire to a sample of Portuguese companies exporting footwear.

Based on survey data from 42 firms, our empirical results indicate that absorptive capacities have a positive and significant influence on export performance, and that the capacities that most contribute to this end are the exploitation of knowledge, the transformation of knowledge and the general knowledge acquisition.

This study provide guidance to business practitioners because they indicate which absorptive capacities are the best predictors for export success.

While previous authors have attempted to analyze certain aspects of this process (linkage between absorptive capacities and export performance), this research developed an analysis that proposes an exploratory model of the constructs studied in the Portuguese footwear industry.

The main goal of this study is to analyze the influence of entrepreneurial orientation on reputational resources. Therefore, a quantitative methodological approach was used, conducting a descriptive, exploratory and transversal empirical study, having applied a questionnaire to a sample of Portuguese small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

Based on survey data from 42 firms, our empirical results indicate that globally entrepreneurial orientation have a positive and significant influence on reputational resources, and that the entrepreneurial orientation’s dimension that most contribute to this is innovativeness.

The processes for exploitation of knowledge became an essential element for firms to adapt to changes in the competitive environment. The exploitation of this knowledge should be undertaken with proactivity, innovation and risk-taking. Building on well established theories, our research explores the influence of entrepreneurial orientation in exploitation of knowledge of Portuguese small and medium enterprises (SMEs) of footwear associated to the Portuguese Footwear, Components and Leather Goods Association (APICCAPS). Based on survey data from 42 firms, our empirical results indicate that globally entrepreneurial orientation have a positive and significant influence on exploitation of knowledge, and that the entrepreneurial orientation’s dimensions that most contribute to this end are innovation and risk-taking.

Keywords

absorptive capacities, export performance, SMEs, Portuguese footwear industry
Published
14-06-2017
How to Cite
FRANÇA, Alexandra; RUA, Orlando Lima. Contributions of Absorptive Capabilities to Export Performance. Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences, [S.l.], june 2017. ISSN 1587-3803. Available at: <https://pp.bme.hu/so/article/view/10281>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.3311/PPso.10281.
Section
Articles