Tool for Measuring the Influence of the Field of Knowledge on Entrepreneurial Intention among University Students

  • Luisa Díez-Echavarría Departamento de Finanzas, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Calle 54 A #30-01, Medellín, Colombia
  • Alejandro Valencia-Arias Departamento de Ciencias Administrativas, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Calle 54 A #30-01, Medellín, Colombia
  • Jonathan Bermúdez-Hernández Departamento de Ciencias Administrativas, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano, Calle 54 A #30-01, Medellín, Colombia

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze a measurement tool allowing the identification of the differences that may exist between the factors and their relationships that affect the entrepreneurial intention of undergraduate students from related and non-business-related programs. This is to know what elements motivate to create a company for each group, and their degree of association, in order to design more effective educational strategies focused on their motivations. For this, a model was proposed, which was validated through the application of a self-administered questionnaire to undergraduate students of different careers, in Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano (Medellín). It was found that personal attitudes have a stronger relationship with entrepreneurial intention in students of business-related programs, while perceived viability, perceived convenience, and entrepreneurial behavior have greater weight in students from non-affiliated programs. Thus, the courses focused on creativity in the first group, and the courses focused on the know-how in the second group would be more efficient in increasing the entrepreneurial intention.

Keywords: entrepreneurial intention, Theory of Planned Behavior, higher education, field of knowledge
Published online
2019-12-31
How to Cite
Díez-Echavarría, L., Valencia-Arias, A. and Bermúdez-Hernández, J. (2020) “Tool for Measuring the Influence of the Field of Knowledge on Entrepreneurial Intention among University Students”, Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences, 28(1), pp. 38-47. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPso.12873.
Section
Articles