Perception of Computer Work Health Impact among Higher Education Students
Beyond professional and IT competencies, sufficient computer work requires adequate workplace design. Applying ergonomic aspects in design and utilization aims to establish and maintain the man-machine system while considering long term impacts. However, the human body is quite adaptive to health-disadvantaged work postures, and it may be adversely affected, which leads to a decrease in work performance as well. This study investigates the relationship between computer use habits, workplace design, work environment, and perceived health impacts among higher education students. The study aims to find the critical factors of computer work for establishing ergonomic development actions. The results are based on the responses of 711 business students from various higher education institutions in Hungary, using a voluntary online survey. Cross-tabulation, ANOVA, and correlation analyses could show that exposition to the risk by workload and wrong workplace selection go together with more health problems. The results show that portable computers are preferred, sitting posture is usually wrongly chosen, tiredness in the upper body is common, but students rated their workplace design rather good. The main experience of the study is that targeted actions are required for protecting the health and improve efficiency in performing computer activities.