Institutional Model and Activities of Destitute Society Around Forest as an Attempt to Develop the Sustainable and Equitable Forest in East Java, Indonesia
A good partnership between people living around forests and the local government to manage the forest resources is one of the models of sustainable and equitable forest development. This research aims at analyzing the institutional model and activities of people living around the forest as an attempt to develop the sustainable and equitable forests. The research took place in Pasuruan and Malang regencies of East Java province, Indonesia. There were 49 informants consisting of local government members and people living around forests (or pesanggem farmers) who actively involved in the organization of forest village and actively developed the sustainable and equitable forests. The research finding shows the institutional model and people’s activity in developing the sustainable and equitable forest have already shown a good pattern. The existence of forest village institution and people’s activity in developing the sustainable and equitable forest has shown participative and ongoing activities. The working group made by pesanggem farmers and forestry institution showed their significant role in managing the forest resources.