Becoming an Entrepreneur: a Diversity of Factors, Types and Pathways

  • Maria das Dores Guerreiro ISCTE-Instituto Universitario de Lisboa
  • Ana Caetano ISCTE-Instituto Universitario de Lisboa
  • Eduardo Rodrigues ISCTE-Instituto Universitario de Lisboa
  • Margarida Barroso ISCTE-Instituto Universitario de Lisboa
  • Ana Isabel Couto ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa


This paper is the result of a research focused on the study of entrepreneurial patterns, contexts and experiences. Its particular objectives are the analysis of the different pathways to become an entrepreneur. On the basis of in-depth interviews to women and men entrepreneurs about their individual trajectories, a typology of access to entrepreneurship is proposed. This categorisation expresses different combinations of social factors and places particular emphasis on the effects that gender and qualifications have on the decision to become self-employed, without neglecting the importance of socioeconomic circumstances, interpersonal networks and family relationships.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, gender, qualifications
Published online
How to Cite
Guerreiro, M., Caetano, A., Rodrigues, E., Barroso, M. and Couto, A. (2016) “Becoming an Entrepreneur: a Diversity of Factors, Types and Pathways”, Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences, 24(2), pp. 74-82.