Work-Life Balance Factors in the Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

  • Elżbieta Robak Częstochowa University of Technology Faculty of Management Sociology and Psychology of Management Department
  • Anna Słocińska Częstochowa University of Technology Faculty of Management Sociology and Psychology of Management Department
  • Adam Depta Department of Management, Faculty of Organization and Management, Lodz University of Technology, ul. Piotrkowska 266, 90-924 Łódź, Poland

Abstract

The analysis of the problem of work- life balance (WLB) expanded through the last few years, being transformed from the typically female problem, connected with family life, into more general issue, concerning all the employees. The problem occurs especially with reference to the small and medium enterprises (SMEs), which dominate in the enterprise structure in the world. At the same time these organizations represent relatively low standards in terms of realization of the basic rules of HR management, including WLB. It is caused not only by the system and organizational limitations, but it is also a result of a lack of the employers’ awareness in relation with a given area. It also seems to be interesting that the peculiarity of the functioning of a SMEs may be recognized as a factor fostering efficient management of WLB (greater flexibility in decision- making process, greater flexibility in terms of structural and economic matters), but at the same time size of the company can be recognized as a factor creating an obstacles in implementation of the WLB idea (ad hoc management, lack of knowledge in the area of shaping activities concerning WLB, focus on profit in a short time, lack of strategic management, lack of formal representations of the employees’ interests). The aim of the article is to present the results of authors’ own research focusing on the conditions of WLB of SME’s employees.
Keywords: work- life balance, human resource, SME
Published online
2016-02-10
How to Cite
Robak, E., Słocińska, A. and Depta, A. (2016) “Work-Life Balance Factors in the Small and Medium-sized Enterprises”, Periodica Polytechnica Social and Management Sciences, 24(2), pp. 88-95. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPso.8871.
Section
Articles