Diagnostics of Uneven Heating of the Adsorbent by Microwave Radiation and Measures to Increase the Uniformity of Its Heating

  • Sergey Dobrotvorskiy Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology and Metal-Cutting Machines, Institute of Education and Science in Mechanical Engineering and Transport, National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute", 2, Kyrpychova str., 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1223-1036
  • Ludmila Dobrovolska Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology and Metal-Cutting Machines, Institute of Education and Science in Mechanical Engineering and Transport, National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute", 2, Kyrpychova str., 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8318-8552
  • Yevheniia Basova Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology and Metal-Cutting Machines, Institute of Education and Science in Mechanical Engineering and Transport, National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute", 2, Kyrpychova str., 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8549-4788
  • Borys Aleksenko Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology and Metal-Cutting Machines, Institute of Education and Science in Mechanical Engineering and Transport, National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute", 2, Kyrpychova str., 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9680-9370

Abstract

In Europe, 3 % of the electricity consumed by industry is spent on the production of compressed air. At the same time, the payment for electricity consumed by the compressor is the largest share in the structure of the factorys costs. In modern production, compressed air requires drying to meet the requirements of the equipment and for various technological processes. In this case, a large amount of compressed air is lost thus, improving the design of air dryers is an important step for improving energy efficiency. In this paper is developing a method for reducing the energy costs of the heated desiccant dryers is developed by mean of regenerating adsorbents using microwave energy.
In the process of developing heaters using microwave energy, the main problem is the achievement of a uniform heating of the material. The same problem also arises when using microwave energy to regenerate the adsorbent in the adsorption dryer. Due of above-mentioned, the problem by dynamically changing the configuration of the heater chamber and waveguide systems is solved by using of increasing the uniformity of heating and two opposite waveguides in the heater design with a variable phase of one of them. A specific condition for conducting experiments is obtained. Particularly the adsorption dryer chamber is a cylindrical vessel that is filled with an adsorbent and has predetermined proportions. A significant change of these proportions adversely affect at the adsorption process during the operation of the desiccant.

Keywords: heating dryers, microwave energy, radiation, phase, adsorbent regeneration, silica gel, desorption
Published online
2019-04-09
How to Cite
Dobrotvorskiy, S., Dobrovolska, L., Basova, Y. and Aleksenko, B. “Diagnostics of Uneven Heating of the Adsorbent by Microwave Radiation and Measures to Increase the Uniformity of Its Heating”, Periodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering. doi: https://doi.org/10.3311/PPch.13234.
Section
Articles