Optimal DTC Control Strategy of DFIG Using Variable Gain PI and Hysteresis Controllers Adjusted by PSO Algorithm
This paper presents an optimal Direct Torque Control (DTC) strategy for Doubly Fed Induction Generator based wind turbine. The proposed strategy is considered based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) Algorithm. The PSO is found to be robust and fast in solving nonlinear problems. Motivation for application of PSO approach is to overcome the limitation of the conventional controllers design, which cannot guarantee satisfactory control performance when designed by trial and error. In this work PSO algorithm was used to adjust the hysteresis torque and flux comparators bandwidths and to tune the parameters of Variable Gain PI (VGPI) controller designed for Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) speed control of wind turbine to ensure high performance torque control. The optimal control strategy is considered in detail and it is shown that the use of the optimized controllers reduces rotor flux and electromagnetic torque ripples and improves the system dynamic performances. The effectiveness of the proposed direct torque control based on PSO algorithm (optimal DTC) method is illustrated through simulations on 1.5 MW DFIG based wind turbine. Simulation results illustrate the improved performances of optimal DTC compared with the conventional DTC.