Robust Sliding Mode H∞ Controller of DFIG Based on Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion System
In this study, a Sliding Mode (SM) methodology combined with a robust H∞ control scheme (SM-H∞) was proposed to control the stator active and reactive power generated by the Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG). The purpose of the proposed controller is to improve the DFIG stator active and reactive power tracking performances by reducing chattering phenomena under variable wind speed, which provides major drawbacks of conventional SM controllers. The H∞ technique was used to define the SM attractive control part, which helps to reduce chattering phenomena and improves robustness in the presence of parameter variations and wind speed changing. The DFIG stator was directly connected to the grid and, its rotor was linked to the grid through a back-to-back converter. The proposed approach was tested using Matlab/Simulink and a comparison with the conventional SM and the SM fuzzy logic controllers was carried out. The results of simulation illustrated an effectiveness of the proposed SM-H∞ controller even in the presence of the DFIG parameter variations and speed changing compared with the other techniques.