Particle Swarm Optimization of Non Uniform Rational B-Splines for Robot Manipulators Path Planning
The path-planning problem is commonly formulated to handle the obstacle avoidance constraints. This problem becomes more complicated when further restrictions are added. It often requires efficient algorithms to be solved. In this paper, a new approach is proposed where the path is described by means of Non Uniform Rational B-Splines (NURBS for short) with more additional constraints. An evolutionary technique called Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) with three options of particles velocity updating offering three alternatives namely the PSO with inertia weight (PSO-W), the constriction factor PSO (PSO-C) and the combination of the two(PSO-WC); are used to optimize the weights of the control points that serve as parameters of the algorithm describing the path. Simulation results show how the mixture of the first two options produces a powerful algorithm, specifically (PSO-WC), in producing a compromise between fast convergence and large number of potential solution. In addition, the whole approach seems to be flexible, powerful and useful for the generation of successful smooth trajectories for robot manipulator which are independent from environment conditions.