Fracture Toughness Evaluation of S355 Steel Using Circumferentially Notched Round Bars
In engineering applications, steels are commonly used in various areas. The mechanical members are exposed to different loading conditions and this subject can be investigated in fracture mechanics. Fracture toughness (KIC) is the important material property for fracture mechanics. Determination of this properties is possible using a compact tension specimen, a single edge notched bend or three-point loaded bend specimen, which are standardized by different institutions. Researchers underline that these standardized methods are complex, the manufacturing process is difficult, they require special fixtures for loading during the experiment and the test procedures are time consuming. Alternative methods are always being sought by researchers. In this work, two different approaches are investigated for S355 steels. In the first method, a circumferentially cracked round bar was loaded in tensile mode and pulled till failure. Using suitable equations, fracture toughness can be calculated. In the second method, a circumferentially notched bar specimen without fatigue pre-cracking was loaded in a tensile machine. By means of fracture load values, fracture toughness was determined by the proposed equations. It can be stated that these two different approaches for calculating fracture toughness are simple, fast and economical.