MODELLING OF GEAR CHANGING BEHAVIOUR
This paper deals with the modelling of the gear changing behaviour. After presentation of the main synchronizer tasks, the state of the art is described. Reconsideration of the gear changing process allows better definition of synchronizer working phases. Based on this, a numerical simulation software of the synchronizer behaviour has been realized. Phenomena of angular velocity synchonization and second bump in gear changing force are modelled in details. Various mechanical behaviour influencing phenomena are taken into consideration with large number of input parameters. The software is validated with literature data. Then, it is used to investigate the effect of main parameters considered with gear changing process for a 5 speed manual car gearbox. Effects of gear changing force, synchronized inertia and initial angular velocity difference variations are shown. Visualization of parameter effects such as angle error of synchronizer cone and relative position of gear splines and sleeve splines help for better understanding of gearbox behaviour during gear changing.