Impact of Traffic Sign Diversity on Autonomous Vehicles

A Literature Review

Authors

  • Ziyad N. Aldoski
    Affiliation

    Department of Highway and Bridge, Technical College of Engineering, Duhok Polytechnic University, 61 Zakho Road, 1006 Mazi Qr Duhok, Kurdistan-Iraq
    Department of Transport Infrastructure and Water Resources Engineering, Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Transportation Sciences, Széchenyi István University, Egyetem tér 1, 9026 Győr, Hungary

  • Csaba Koren
    Affiliation

    Department of Transport Infrastructure and Water Resources Engineering, Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Transportation Sciences, Széchenyi István University, Egyetem tér 1, 9026 Győr, Hungary

https://doi.org/10.3311/PPtr.21484

Abstract

Traffic sign classification is indispensable for road traffic systems, including automated ones. There is a fundamental difference in the visual appearance of traffic signs from one country to another. Each dataset has its design standards and regulations based on shape, color, and information content, making implementing classification and recognition techniques more difficult. This paper aims to assess the influence of traffic sign diversity on autonomous vehicles (AVs) by reviewing several previous studies, comparing, summarizing their results, and focusing on classifying and detecting traffic sign datasets based on color, shape, and deep learning spaces using various methods and applications. Furthermore, it covers the main challenges facing road designers and planners considering changes to road safety infrastructure. It will be argued that compiling and standardizing a comprehensive global database of traffic signs is very difficult because it is costly and complex in application. However, it is still one of the possible solutions for the coming decades. Recommendations for future developments are also presented in this study.

Keywords:

autonomous vehicles, traffic sign classification, traffic sign detection

Published Online

2023-09-13

How to Cite

Aldoski, Z. N., Koren, C. (2023) Impact of Traffic Sign Diversity on Autonomous Vehicles: A Literature Review, Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering, 51(4), pp. 338–350. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPtr.21484

Issue

Section

Articles