Assessment Approach of Life Cycle of Vehicles Tyres on Egyptian Road Network
Recently the problem of used vehicle tires becomes in focus in Egypt. In this paper, the scope is to study life cycle of the yearly used tires by vehicles travelling on the Egyptian road network. For the first time, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach is performed for tires used by the Egyptian road transportation fleet. Global Warming Potential (GWP), health toxicity, and Aquatic acidification are the main impact categories considered. The Life Cycle Impact Assessment Methodology (IMPACT2002+) is implemented for LCA analysis to encompass the transportation process of the yearly needed amount of tires, and the usage of the tires. At the nexus, data about transport demand and activity have been collected. Also, modal split ratios have been incorporated. It was found that, Egyptian road tires contributes mainly to GWP on the midpoint effect and also contributes mainly to the damage regarding terrestrial acidification and nitrification. Regarding the normalized effect, it was found that the highest contribution of used tyres on Egyptian road network is in respiratory effects on human health with 3.52*104(person year/kg) followed by terrestrial acidification of 3.1*104(person year/kg).